Is Bangalore becoming a Diabetes capital of India from the IT capital of India?

Diabetes in Bangalore
Hand holding a blood glucose meter measuring blood sugar, the background is a stethoscope and chart file
Authored By : Dr. R ANIL Kumar,MD, FRCP (Edinburgh) FICP WHO Fellowship in Diabetology
Head of the department of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Karnataka Institute of Endocrinology and research Bangalore

Bangalore has steadily evolved from a medium-sized city in the 1980s to an IT hub of 2021. With the evolution of this city, the city also witnessed the migration of people.  But with this IT evolution of the city, the city got engulfed with stress. The work stress slowly entered the household. The stress to maintain Bangalore as the IT capital of India has affected almost everyone in the city. Also, the urbanization of the city has made its people lead a sedentary life. Also, the city has recently seen an upsurge in fast food joints. The sedentary lifestyle and frequent consumption of fast food have contributed to a significant increase in Bangalore’s diabetic patients. 

The increase in the number of diabetic patients in Bangalore has been quite alarming. Recent studies suggest that Bangalore has now steadily evolved as the diabetes capital of the country too. Around one-third of urban adults aged more than 20 years in Bangalore have Diabetes or are prediabetic. The ever-increasing number of diabetic people is one of the greatest worries for doctors. We are seeing increasing numbers of people with diabetes, and the worrying factor is that this disease is affecting a lot of younger people.

Also obese individuals, individuals who lead a sedentary lifestyle, and those with a family history of diabetes are more susceptible to diabetes. I advise people who are susceptible to developing diabetes must get the necessary counseling to manage type 2 diabetes.  Also, I suggest people to include periodic monitoring of blood glucose levels and lifestyle changes. 

How to keep your blood sugar level in check?

It is advisable to incorporate the following changes to keep blood sugar level in check:

  • Change of eating habits- Include fresh fruits, leafy vegetables, and whole grains in the diet.
  • Exercise for at least 30 minutes every day.
  • Reduce stress
  • Avoid consumption of tobacco, cigarette, and excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.
  • If you have diabetes, please take your medicine on time as advised by the doctor.

If we incorporate these changes, we can delay the onset of diabetes.  By delaying the onset of diabetes, we lead a good quality of life in older age and reduce the chance of complications.

Care to be taken by diabetic individuals:

1.         Stick to your medication as directed by the doctor

2.         Exercise regularly. Include cardio exercises like brisk walking and lifting light weights.

3.         Keep yourself hydrated

4.         Get a well-balanced fiber-rich diet

5.        Include ABCC control of diabetes in daily life. A means HBA1c should be less than 7%, B for Blood Pressure should be 130/180 mmHg and C stands for Cholesterol, low density cholesterol should be less than 100 mg/dl.

6.         Make wise choices and pay attention to your mental well-being 

Minus the stress from your life and add an active and healthy lifestyle to keep diabetes at bay. 

Stay safe; stay healthy!

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